Geographical Location and Population
Nevşehir, formerly Muşkara, (maybe the ancient city of Nyssa, Νύσσα in Ancient Greek), is a city and the capital district of Nevşehir Province in the Central Anatolia Region of Turkey. The district covers an area of 535 km2 (207 sq mi), and the town lies at an average elevation of 1,224 m (4,016 ft). Nevsehir is a regional transport hub and provincial town for the surrounding area. It's close enough to the sites of Cappadocia to make it practical as a base from which to tour and it is a useful place to find buses and any bus coming from the west will stop here on the way through. The city is about 30 km to Tuzkoy airport and 100 km to Kayseri airport. According to the 2009 census, population of the district is 117,327 of which 84,631 live in the City of Nevsehir.
A settlement was founded by the Hittites. The town along with the region came under the rule of the Assyrian Empire around the 8th century BC, then by the Medes and then by the Persians till Alexander the Great defeated the Persians in 333 BC.
Cappadocia kingdom became part of the Roman Empire and during the Byzantine Empire those caves of Nevsehir became shelters for those escaping persecution.
In 1074, Nevsehir became part of the Seljuk sultanate of Rum and finally under rule of the Ottoman Empire around 1487 and was renamed “Muskara” till the early 18th century.
The present day city’s foundation was done by son-in-law of the Sultan Ahmed III, Nevşehirli Damat İbrahim Pasha. The small village with only 18 houses was rapidly transformed into the city and its name was changed from Muşkara to "Nevşehir" (meaning New City in Persian and Ottoman Turkish)
Intangible Cultural Heritage
Cappadocia Folkloric Features ; it is basically within the framework of socio-cultural structure of Cappadocia including region’s crafts, wedding-birth traditions, and folkloric properties and so on.
Cappadocia region bears the characteristics of the Central Anatolia region in terms of language and expression. Oral expressions have been affected by administrative and social changes in the development process when the ethnic structure was mixed. With this enriched oral culture, plentiful legends for all the historic buildings around the town of Hacibektas had been born and one of Turkey’s famous folk singer was born in this region as well as Efsanelerdir folk poetry and literary products.
Cappadocia’s historical and natural richness of natural materials are kneaded by people throughout the ages the region. It has become integrated and the arts. Cappadocia is a source of livelihood of the people struggling with the natural and their cultural heritage plays an important role as the asset of Pottery, Carpet, and handmade doll and so on.
History of pottery in Cappadocia dates back to the Hittites. There are a large number of carpet stores in the region of Cappadocia. Famous Handmade Cappadocia dolls are usually made in the center of Urgup region with onions.
Onyx Stone Embroidery is one of you should not miss in this region.
Since the stones have been used to great effect on the daily life of Cappadocia, the stone houses became a place of worship, other than architectural ornaments used in the production of another.